The high-quality Brazilian coffee has characteristics such as low acidity and a chocolaty sweet taste. This is mostly because of the quality of the beans from which they are produced. Also, this is what makes these coffee beans from Brazil popular in the entire world. There can be roasted as well as unroasted beans. Further, the availability of the beans in different tastes gives them an opportunity to be liked by a wide variety of populations and cultures.
Bourbon Santos beans
These are the high-quality beans that undergo wet processing. The beans derive their name from the Santo Port that is used for its shipping. They have a pleasant smell with a light body. They generally grow in areas with low elevation. The average elevation for these plants ranges from 600 meters to 1200 meters.
These are generally picked in the initial years of the growth of the plant. This is the reason the beans are of high quality and better in tase.
Special characteristics of the Coffee beans from Brazil
These coffee beans grow in low elevation, as said earlier. As a result, these have lighter flavors as compared to those which grow at higher altitudes. The Brazilian market classifies its beans in different categories on the basis of color, flavor, etc. The freshly roasted beans are considered to be of better quality than the packed beans in the stores.
Regions where coffee grows in Brazil
Regions like Matas de Minas, Sul de Minas, Mogiana, and Cerrado produce premium qualities of coffee beans from Brazil.
Sul de Minas is present in the state of Minas Gerias. Around half of the total production of Brazilian coffee comes from this state. Around one-third of this state’s production comes from Sul de Minas. The region has a consistent mild temperature which helps in growing citric beans with fruity smells. Mogiana is present in the Sao Paulo region. The region has one of the highest altitudes in Brazil. The North-eastern region of Bahia has Cerrado. The region makes extensive use of technology and is an important contributor to the production of Brazilian coffee. They mainly grow Arabica coffee.
The Esperito Santo region is the second-largest producer of coffee in Brazil. However, it mainly produces Robusta coffee which is of lower quality.
As a result of its quantitative focus, Brazil has earned an image of producing low-quality coffee. To change this perception, the government of Brazil has taken several steps. Various certifications have become popular in the coffee market which tries to elevate the image of Brazilian coffee.
Brazilian coffee consumption habit
One of the largest consumptions of coffee in the world takes place in Brazil. Further, the number is still growing. However, most of the consumption in the country is of lower quality coffee. The higher qualities of coffee generally go outside the country.
Generally, they consume it in its simplest form. Dark coffee is perhaps the most common form of coffee drink for them. Apart from this, some prefer to add some milk to it. However, they generally avoid machine coffees and another garnishing on it. Recently, various large players have managed to draw the attention of the people towards high quality of coffee.
The Brazilian Coffee Industry Association
This is the most prominent regulatory Association for the Coffee industry in Brazil. It comprises a consulting council, a deliberative council, and Executive Boards. The body provides a complete analysis of the coffee industry in Brazil. It operates with its headquarters in Rio de Janeiro.
Specialty Coffee in Brazil
These are the coffees of the highest quality. Such coffees are mainly in demand in countries like New Zealand and Australia. Brazil has generally shown low demand for such coffee. However, in recent years, the demand for specialty coffee crops has increased here. As a result, the producers increased their production to accommodate the rising demand.
The Strictly High Grown Coffees are the best quality coffee in the world. These are the coffees that grow at high altitudes. On the contrary, most of the coffees grow at a lower elevation in Brazil. Thus, it is important for the Brazilian government to adopt several other different methods like that of certification to improve the image of Brazilian coffee.